Poor Patient Compliance: Who is to Blame?

Poor Patient Compliance: Who is to Blame?

January 29, 2020

Guest Blog by: Todd E. Riddle, DC, CCSP, RKT, CSCS

The running joke amongst therapists and rehab professionals (no pun intended) is that the best home exercise to prescribe a patient is the one you can actually get them to do. It’s mostly a forgone conclusion that home exercise programs aren’t followed well or at all..in fact, more often than not, patients do not do them against the recommendation of their practitioner. Unfortunately, the joke is on US–the rehab professional prescribing the exercise. Poor compliance leads to poor outcomes and patient dissatisfaction. And further, if your compensation is tied to patient outcomes and satisfaction, then you are likely going to feel it in your wallet.

This is a problem, a big problem. A recent study found that only 35% of patient demonstrated high levels of compliance. While 50% demonstrated low/no compliance.(1) So, half the time you send someone home with exercises, they are doing them. I think the big question that should be answered is who’s fault is it? Unfortunately, probably yours.

 

Patients that fall in that 50% and higher range usually present with barriers to treatment compliance. (2)

Some of the following are barriers that can and should be addressed by the professional:

  • Low level of physical activity currently
  • Low-self efficacy
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Helplessness
  • Poor social support
  • Pain during exercise
  • Poor program organization
  • Poor patient education

Looking carefully at the list above, you should be quick to recognize that most of the barriers for adherence have little to do with physical limitations. Most of them are wrapped tightly in beliefs and behaviors.

Discovering early on that a patient has deeply ingrained beliefs about their own ability to exercise or perform activities of daily living and that it might hurt them presents the professional with the opportunity to address that early and often.

A recent editorial in BJSM laid out some recommendations for managing this problem. (3) Perhaps a bit heavy on the psychosocial and a bit light on the “bio”, but increased awareness of the mental side of our care is warranted. It’s a good article and worth reading to get a better understanding.

They proposed the following 5 action steps.

  1. Screen for biopsychosocial factors and health co-morbidities
  2. Embrace patient-centered communication
  3. Education beyond words using active learning approaches
  4. Coach towards self-management
  5. Address co-morbid health factors

What it comes down to is that as practitioners, we all need to be reminded to stop treating just the condition and start treating the patient. The whole patient. This may be an overly simplistic view, but I think you’ll get the point. The best exercise for most patients is the one they believe they can do, or need help from you believing they can and should. And maybe we could organize the exercises a bit better as well.

References

  1. Argent, Rob, Ailish Daly, and Brian Caulfield. “Patient involvement with home-based exercise programs: can connected health interventions influence adherence?.” JMIR mHealth and uHealth 6.3 (2018): e47.
  2. Jack, Kirsten, et al. “Barriers to treatment adherence in physiotherapy outpatient clinics: a systematic review.” Manual therapy 15.3 (2010): 220-228.
  3. Caneiro, J. P., et al. “It is time to move beyond ‘body region silos’ to manage musculoskeletal pain: five actions to change clinical practice.” (2019).


Leave a comment

Comments will be approved before showing up.


Also in FAKTR Blog

FREE Webinar: Shoulder Injuries in Throwing Athletes
FREE Webinar: Shoulder Injuries in Throwing Athletes

March 09, 2021

This course will give you the tools to evaluate shoulder injuries and movement quality to design effective strategies for treatment, so your patients can get back in the game and win. We will dive into the sport-specific demands of throwing athletes, including specific focus on baseball, football, boxing, MMA, volleyball, and tennis. Understanding the demands of these sports and their common shoulder injuries, we will breakdown the assessment of sagittal, frontal, and transverse plane movement to develop effective treatment plans.

Read More

It's The Most Wonderful Time of the Year...Until It's Not!
It's The Most Wonderful Time of the Year...Until It's Not!

December 29, 2020

This time of year, I redirect my thoughts towards my patients.  Pain in patients can be a tricky thing.  Sometimes, it seems fairly obvious why they are in pain.  Perhaps they slipped and fell, or maybe picked something up wrong.  Many times, the pain has nothing to do with physical injury.  Instead, it’s suffering steeped in years of deeply rooted mental or emotional trauma that forces its way to the surface during holidays.  Holidays can become a weak spot in the seemingly impenetrable armor of the people who hide it well for most of the year. 

Read More

Our Black Friday SALE is here!
Our Black Friday SALE is here!

November 27, 2020

Our Black Friday 2020 sale is our best and biggest ever with exclusive offers and discounts from our full library of course offerings.  PLUS...enjoy discounts and savings from our partners like ChiroUp.com, Iron Neck, RRS Education and More!

Read More